You may think that greenhouse effect is harmful to the environment because it is associated with global warming. The truth of the matter is that we need this phenomenon in order to live.
What Causes the Greenhouse Effect?
Some of the sun’s rays that hit the earth are deflected by a layer called ozone. The rest enters the atmosphere and are reflected by the earth’s surface as a slow-moving energy, infrared radiation. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapour, ozone and methane absorb some of this heat and slow down the escape of the said energy from our planet.
Greenhouse gases regulate the climate through the mechanism of trapping heat and just like a warm blanket that insulates our earth. This is what scientists call “greenhouse effect”. Without it the temperature will be cooler than it is that may affect our ecosystem.
How Do We Contribute to this Phenomenon?
We, humans, alter this natural process with the greenhouse gases we create. The process of combustion, which is burning materials like in incineration of wastes, may release more of the gases such as carbon dioxide and water vapour. There will be more conductors of heat thereby increasing the earth’s temperature level. Another factor is the wide use of oil in industries and even with the use of vehicles that rely on this source of energy.
Nitrous oxide and methane levels may also increase with some illegal farming practices. Deforestation may also cause global warming with the diminishing number of trees and plants that use carbon dioxide and release oxygen. These trees play a great role in maintaining a balance of these gases. The growing population may also contribute to global warming with the wide use of fuels for transportation, industry and the use of heat in homes.
How Do We Reduce These Gases?
- Plant trees
To balance the amount of gases in the atmosphere it is important that we plant trees. These are responsible for using up amounts of carbon dioxide and release of oxygen that we breathe. Problems with deforested area must be dealt with and it is through reforestation. The authorities must be keen with their job of implementing laws that govern agricultural practices such as farming and logging. You can take part by supporting activities that aim to solve the problems of the environment such as tree planting.
- Wise Use of Energy
Today, the growing number of car owners causes the increasing demand for oil. You may prefer taking a cab in going to establishments even in short distances. Using air conditioning units, heaters, gas stove and ovens may also increase the amount of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Responsible use of energy is important in preventing global warming.
- Environmental Awareness
It is vital that people be educated about greenhouse gases and global warming. We must be aware that we are altering the natural processes in the ecosystem even through our habits that need to be modified. Imparting our knowledge about these topics may increase the level of awareness of the people and persuade them to take part in the struggle of protecting our planet.